Download : The wpa globalprogramme to reduce stigma and discrimination
because of schizophrenia, 2006]
Download : the wpa global programme to reduce the stigma and discrimination
because of schizophrenia, 2002]
the impaired through the appropriate use of Information Technology and
The most neglected invisible problem of the society today is the burden of
Mental Illness; the problem it creates- its effects and its outcome in the
coming years. The WHO has warned that many countries will be unable to cope
with a predicted boom in Mental Illness over the next decade. According to
Dr. Gro, the head of WHO, “If we don’t deal with Mental Illness, there is a
burden not only on the Mentally Ill, on their families, their communities,
there is an economic burden if we don’t take care of people who need their
care and treatment.” In India over 25 million people suffer from Mental
Illness. But even then the government had no other option but to allocate
funds on physical illness or disabilities like cancer, AIDS or any other
problem than on Mental Illness. Lack of economic resource along with lack of
professionals in the field have made the scenario even more bleak and worse.
In a developing country like India he best possible option is empowering the
impaired through right information (psycho education) and formation of
self-help groups to meet the current need.
Reducing the burden of illness by making the sufferers and their family
members aware of the problem.
Delivering appropriate psycho education for both the groups and learning
coping and crisis management strategies. Filling the gap that exists between
the intensity and magnitude of the problem and the expertise available.
Reducing the stigma.
Affordable treatment opportunities.
Low cost centres.
A control group of 85 persons were given training in computer, made them
aware of the problem through psycho education through information from
various reliable data sources and internet. A group of people received only
medicine without any scope of (psycho education) getting information,
awareness and rehabilitation.
1. Both caregivers and caretakers gain knowledge/insight about their problem
in the controlled group.
2. This helps them to handle delusions/hallucinations effectively.
3. Through internet it is now easy to become a member of the self-help group
which acts as a support system to them.
4. It helps them to come out of their withdrawal and social phobia.
5. It encourages them to communicate with others through internet where they
feel safe and secured. This helps to improve their communication techniques
and helps them to come out from their cocoon.
6. It reduces stigma attached to Mental Illness.
7. It encourages, provides motivation. When they know about the true life
stories of others, the success stories-it provides them inspiration to fight
8. It overcomes loneliness and depression. “A feeling that I am not alone”.
9. It reduces the feeling of guilt in caregivers.
10. Gets pleasure and recreation.
11. Gets exposure and opportunities.
12. Economic freedom.
13. Improves quality of life.
14. It is economic. compared to other costs of treatment
15. Helps in the realization that their problem is “ Not unique.”
16. Effect of group therapy.
17. Reduces hospital stay.
Broadening the horizons through computer and internet helps the persons
suffering from Mental Illness gain back lost confidence and be a productive
member of the society- by moving into the mainstream of life again.
and Conflict in Youth and Effect of Consumerism and Globalization"
Globalization not only reduces the impact of distance but it has tied the
whole world more tightly together than ever before. Though it resulted in a
number of positive effects with changed outlook, perception and
intermingling of cultures and lifestyles but it has a number of negative
impacts on stress in the youth of developing countries like India.
The meaning of life has changed in today’s youth. Previously in India people
used to crave for the quality of life which according to them was peace and
happiness coming out of good work, education and knowledge helping people in
need. Now due to increase in consumerism (the developing countries being the
main aim of consumerism) young people are craving towards leisure and luxury
as the ultimate goal in life. Pleasure from work has shifted to pleasure
from luxury items coming out of work. They are now not interested about
gathering knowledge. The quest for knowledge has now been replaced by
knowledge as a means or tool for acquiring pleasure.
Parents too are falling prey to consumerism. As a phobic parent gives birth
to a phobic child, a greedy parent gives birth to a greedy child. Teachers
and parents are trying to imbibe the necessity to “excel” to get the quality
of life, which they can only get from their “pay-packets”.
The youth who are not winning in this rat race are getting depressed, losing
the meaning of life, getting confused, feeling inadequate and frustrated.
The Indian value system has changed rapidly in the last decade. As a result
the youth today are suffering from conflict-which is the ideal path for
them. Is knowledge important or getting chance to go abroad for education
more important? Whether respect and acceptance can be achieved only by
studying abroad, going for the lucrative jobs and earning more and more
money is the question that puzzles today’s youth.
Those who are
failing in this standard of life are falling prey to psychological problems.
The most common effects seen are:
• Identity crisis
• Felling of inadequacy
• Lack of motivation
• Negative attitude in love life
• Escapism and living in a fantasy world
parental overload & emotional burden by formation of self help group &
taking part in
fighting stigma." - Ishita Sanyal
Objective- In Indian Society family plays a key role in providing help &
support to the mentally ill. This is also facilitated by our culture, which
places family at the centre of all activities. Lack of institutional
facilities & due to non – affordable cost of treatment families have to play
a key role in the treatment & maintenance of the mentally ill.
But due to tremendous stigma attached & immense guilt attached to mental
illness parents are often overloaded with emotions & are susceptible to
emotional outburst themselves. Instead of helping their children & accepting
the reality, denial plays a key role & there is a tendency to hide the fact.
This results in either over protection or over expectation from their
affected child, which cannot be fulfilled leading to high EE of parents.
Parents, especially mothers feel guilty as society often points out their
fingers towards the mother who is believed to be the cause of all illness &
negative behaviours of their child.
As a result parents, especially mothers become overburden in their effort to
hide their guilt, give full effort for the well being of the child without
knowing the actual methods for doing so & without modifying their
expectation. This often causes frequent relapse & mental illness in parents
Parents, specially mothers who get psycho-education & forms self-help group
develop the lost self confidence, rationality, understands the situation &
gets satisfaction while helping their own child with others. They got a
moral support & come out & insecurity.
Result-The quality of life of the parents is seen to improve which has an
impact on improving the quality of life of the patients. The feelings of
utter despair change to a ray of hope & support for their children.
Self-help group improves the functional status of the parents as well as the
patient leading to low relapse & higher performance of the patients.
" A Creative
& Comprehensive Play Therapy Approach for New Millennium children"
Society is changing very fast & to cope with the challenges we need to
modify the old approaches of Play Therapy. In today’s Society children are
exposed to the effects of Globalisation & stress due to too much expectation
from them. Gone are the days when a child used to spend time with toys &
plasticin in Play therapy sessions.
Children today prefer to play Computer games, watch T.V., or play in a group
where they can unfold their creativity, competitive spirit, anger &
aggression in a healthy criticism free atmosphere.
In developing country like India, child labour still remains as the only
option for a majority of children to earn their livelihood. But the exposure
to the modern facilities & luxuries in life (through media) is making them
more vulnerable to lose self-control & thus become aggressive, defiant
towards parents & society.
Self Contentment, happiness from day to day life is disappearing fast from
their life. The children in the towns & cities who are exposed to modern
amenities of life are losing their boundaries of expectation & satisfaction.
For these children we need new intervention techniques, which they find
interesting & acceptable. A new form of Play therapy introducing games of
art, craft & learning through computer can change the whole scenario & make
Play Therapy interesting & appropriate for this millennium. Role modeling,
involving self control strategies help them to overcome their problem in an
innovative way. Even some computer games can help them to identify
behaviours that need modification & control.
interesting Play Therapy games suitable for children of this millennium to
identify the problems of the children through games ( Can act in future like
behaviours that needs to be modified
Helping to get
rid of aggression through attractive computer games.
A Form of Group
A controlled group 40 children (8 children per group-5 group) practiced Play
Therapy with the help of computer along with role modeling & few other
games. While a group of 40 children received only medicine.
through Computer games along with others help the child to overcome initial
uneasiness that they experience while coming to a health clinic
It helps them to
overcome the stigma attached to mental illness
free to experiment with computer & it becomes an easy tool for history
taking of the client & approaching them.
unknowingly identify behaviours that need to be modified while playing games
& slowly changes some of their behaviours too
Computer acts as
an effective tool to show aggression in a safe criticism free atmosphere
Some of the games
can increase their knowledge, their concentration level & thus help them to
regain their competency level.
This also helps
them to attend better grades in their examination & help to gain back the
New innovative Play Therapy sessions can be designed through the help of
computer according to the individual need of the children which helps them
to get interested in the Therapy Sessions & thus reduce the problems of the
children to a large extent.
This new play therapy helps to gain self control, develop self image,
identify & rectify inappropriate behaviour, increase concentration & change
some of the behaviours which needs modification. These in turn increase
independent functioning, firmer & cohesive sense of identity, increases
effective interaction & communication with parents, increases emotional
stability & self-reliance. A child learns to unfold his talents slowly,
which is required for his healthy development.
controlling body & mind through Autosuggestion : By Ishita Sanyal
disturbance & sleepless nights are the common features of persons suffering
from mental illness. The anxiety that one have to spend sleepless nights
often is present throughout the day & becomes really painful experience. The
agony of not being able to close the eyes , counting the hours throughout
the night, dodging in the bed from one side to other is a fearful
experience for any person. A person cannot concentrate, becomes restless &
feels incapable to control his disturbed sleeping pattern.
In case of few psychotic
persons, however, it is seen that to avoid reality the sleeping pattern is
changed unconsciously where a person prefers to sleep the whole day, avoid
duties & works & wakes up late in the evening. This reduces his exposure to
the outside world. Even when he goes out of his house late at night, he
feels safe & at ease as he rarely meets any known person at the odd hours to
ask about his well being .He prefers to remain unnoticed.
Though a person suffers
from this sleeping pattern, he must think consciously about the negative
effects of this disturbed sleeping pattern & also the positive gain if he
can slowly change his habit.
Autosuggestion helps him
in cultivating motivation to change his sleeping habits. He can handle his
fears & phobias towards the outside world only through frequent
autosuggestion & gradual exposure to the outside world. Positive
conditioning helps him to practice autosuggestions more frequently & thus
helps him to change his sleeping patterns.
Result- As many of the problems can be solved if one can change &
control his difficult & different sleeping patterns which make him a loners
& far away from the reality- autosuggestion helps him to gain control of his
life & learn to explore the challenges of his life.